Constance Georgine Markievicz, known as Countess Markievicz.
(Born: 4 February 1868 – Died 15 July 1927) was an Irish Sinn Féin and Fianna Fáil politician, revolutionary nationalist, suffragette and socialist.
A founder member of Fianna Éireann, Cumann na mBan and the Irish Citizen Army, she took part in the Easter Rising in 1916, when Irish republicans attempted to end British rule and establish an Irish Republic.
She was sentenced to death but this was reduced on the grounds of her sex.
On 28 December 1918, she was the first woman elected to the British House of Commons, though she did not take her seat and, along with the other Sinn Féin TDs, formed the first Dáil Éireann.
She was also the second woman in the world to hold a cabinet position (Minister for Labour of the Irish Republic, 1919–1922).
Read on via Constance Markievicz – Wikipedia
Born in 1847, Millicent Fawcett joined the London Suffrage Committee, in 1868 and in 1869 she spoke at the first public pro-suffrage meeting to be held in London.
The death of her husband on 6 November 1884 made Millicent temporarily withdraw from public life. She sold both family homes and moved into the house of Agnes Garrett, her sister. She resumed work in 1885, and began to concentrate on politics.
After the death of Lydia Becker, she became the leader of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS), the main suffragist organisation in Britain. She held this post until 1919, a year after the first women had been granted the vote.
After that, she left the suffrage campaign for the most part, and devoted much of her time to writing books.
When the First World War broke out in 1914, while the WSPU (Emily Pankhurst Suffragettes) ceased all of their activities to focus on the war effort, Fawcett’s NUWSS did not.
This was largely because as the organisation was significantly less militant than the WSPU, it contained many more pacifists, and general support for the war within the organisation was weaker.
The WSPU, in comparison, was called jingoistic as a result of its leaders’ strong support for the war. While Fawcett was not a pacifist, she risked dividing the organisation if she ordered a halt to the campaign, and the diverting of NUWSS funds from the government, as the WSPU had done.
The NUWSS continued to campaign for the vote during the war, and used the situation to their advantage by pointing out the contribution women had made to the war effort in their campaigns.
Fawcett is considered instrumental in gaining the vote for six million British women aged over 30-years of age in 1918.
Gladice Keevil campaigning at the Manchester North West byelection in 1908. Photograph: Heritage Images/Getty Images
The fight for the right to vote for all was a long one, with many ideological – and physical – battles along the way.
A century after women got the vote, many people are still disenfranchised
A century on from one of the key legislative moments for the cause, the 1918 Representation of the People Act, we asked readers to share stories about their families’ involvement in the movement that eventually led to universal suffrage, and to tell us what it means to them today.
As part of our coverage of the anniversary, here are three of their stories.
NOW READ ON…
Before our indulgent misuse of technology made us a tad brutish and unsophisticated in our relationships with each other, men and women once had a form of ritual quaintly called “courtship” where a chivalrous young man was expected to woo a demure young woman with subtly, attention, kindness, and flowers.
Such actions were supposed to signal his honourable intentions, trustworthiness, and his reliability to furnish his intended with all that she might require. (Oh, how many poor women fell into a life of drudgery because of that? I wonder.)
Of course, these young men would also have their needs but they could only hint at these through the saving grace of innuendo and saucy humor, which made it possible to say one thing and mean something entirely different!
Black and White Vintage Portraits of 1950s Women.