The hidden story of Australia’s convict women.

Transported to a distant land for crimes of poverty, Australia’s female convicts were charged with the task to have children with convict men.
AFTER A HARROWING six month voyage across the sea to the newly established British colony dubbed New Holland, convict women were either sold off for as little as the price of a bottle of rum or, if sent to Tasmania, they were marched to the Cascades Female Factory — a damp distillery-cum-prison.
Yet, despite their harsh treatment and dark experiences, the story of Australia’s convict women is ultimately one of triumph. It’s estimated that 164,000 convicts were shipped to Australia between 1788 and 1868 under the British government’s new Transportation Act — a humane alternative to the death penalty.
“Half the women landed in mainland Australia and half in Tasmania. Less than 2 per cent were violent felons.
For crimes of poverty, they were typically sentenced to six months inside Newgate Prison, a six-month sea journey, seven to 10 years hard labour and exile for life.
Clearly, the scope of their punishments far exceeded the scope of their crimes,” Deborah Swiss, the author of The Tin Ticket: The Heroic Journey of Australia’s Convict Women, tells Australian Geographic.
Deborah became fascinated with the stories of Australian convict women following a trip to Tasmania in 2004. “Their stories immediately captured my heart when I learned that if you were a working-class girl in London or Dublin in the 1800s you had two choices: enter prostitution, which was not a crime or steal food or clothing to be able to live another day,” Deborah says. “And so I began my six-year journey of researching and getting to know these remarkable female convicts.”
Read on via Source: The ‘founding mothers’: the little-known story of Australia’s convict women – Australian Geographic

Mature Woman Changes Fashion.

Rossi1Yasmina Rossi is revolutionizing the modeling industry while simultaneously empowering women everywhere.
The 59-year-old began her job as a model when she was in her late 20s—a time when most professionals are seen as too old and are forced to retire.
When she turned 45 years old, that’s when her career really took off as she worked for big companies like MasterCard, AT&T, and Macy’s.
Not only did she book big brands at an age that most in the industry would regard as “past her prime”, she also managed to secure these modeling gigs while allowing her wrinkles to stand out in her work, profoundly accentuating her natural beauty.
“I like the way I look now than how I looked 20 years ago,” she told The Sunday Times.
“My body is nicer and I feel happier than when I was 20.” When asked about her beauty-related tips, the talented woman reveals that there’s no secret trick that helps her maintain her appearance.
“All I have ever done is eat organic food – long before it became trendy,” Rossi explains.
“I take oil and use it on my skin. I put rapeseed oil on my hair. I scrub my skin once a week with olive oil and sugar. I eat an avocado a day and organic meat and fish.”
She continues on to state that exercise is key, but that you mustn’t overdo it. “This is very important,” she says. “And don’t take medicine if possible.
Go with nature instead of fighting it – this is the rule for everything.
”Whatever the secret to her beauty may be, the main takeaway from her success exceeds her personal gains.
Rossi represents a new era of beauty represented in fashion.
Though the industry has a long ways to go, she is breaking the mold and offering a step in the right direction, especially in terms of female ageism.
All photos via Yasmina Rossi
Read on via 59-Year-Old Woman Is Revolutionizing the Modeling Industry – My Modern Met

‘The Atlas of Beauty’.

Could you be the most beautiful girl in the world?
The late Prince wondered it and many of us joined him in his pondering, but Romanian photographer Mihaela Noroc is proving that holding the title “most beautiful girl in the world” is an impossible feat.
There is so much beauty everywhere- in every country across the globe and trying to compare would be a shame. Noroc has been focused on finding this beauty and has backpacked the globe with her camera to document her findings in The Atlas of Beauty.
Noroc has traveled to more than 60 countries and photographed beautiful women in 37 of them.
A pretty genius way to travel the world and have something gorgeous to show for it. Landscape pics get boring, but looking at stunning women never gets old.
Check out more work by Mihaela Noroc on her website.

From Top to  Bottom: Kichwa woman in the Amazonian rainforest; Woman from Yangon, Myanmar; Maori woman, New Zealand; Woman from California, U.S.A.; Columbian woman, The Americas.
See more Images via The Atlas of Beauty: Photographer Seeks Out Gorgeous Girls All Over the World.

Women At Work in 1917.

Original caption: “Women are shown preparing to deliver various government packages.
They are members of the National League for Women’s Service, which is proving of great assistance to Uncle Sam in carrying on the Great War.
Women are employed as drivers, ambulance drivers, messengers, etc.
Photo: Captain A.B. Bayle is shown cranking the car, prior to making her rounds in New York.
Image Credit: Photograph by Library of Congress / Bettmann / Getty
Source: Women At Work in 1917 – The Atlantic

Australian women in WWI.

Nurse Clarice Daley and Sergeant Ernest Lawrence married in October 1915.
Clarice of No 3 Australian General hospital and Ernest, of the 1st Light Brigade Headquarters had known each other in Melbourne but their match was not well regarded by Clarice’s family.
Ernest enlisted in August 1914 and much had been experienced by the time the two met again.
Ernest returned to Australia in November 1918 and the two commenced their life together, going on to have four children.
Their marriage certificate is held in the private records collection of the Australian War Memorial.
Source: Australian women of the first world war – in pictures | UK news | The Guardian

Edith Cavell, Nurse & WWI Heroine.

Born on 4 December 1865 in Norfolk, Cavell entered the nursing profession while aged 20.
Moving to Belgium she was appointed matron of the Berkendael Medical Institute in Brussels in 1907.
During her brief career in Belgium she nevertheless succeeded in modernising the standard of Belgian nursing.
With war in 1914 and the subsequent German occupation of Belgium Cavell joined the Red Cross; the Berkendael Institute was converted into a hospital for wounded soldiers of all nationalities.
Many of the captured Allied soldiers who were treated at Berkendael subsequently succeeded in escaping – with Cavell’s active assistance – to neutral Holland.
Cavell was arrested on 5 August 1915 by local German authorities and charged with having personally aided in the escape of some 200 such soldiers.
Kept in solitary confinement for nine weeks the Germans successfully extracted a confession from Cavell which formed the basis of her trial.
She, along with a named Belgian accomplice Philippe Baucq, were duly pronounced guilty and sentenced to death by firing squad.
The sentence was carried out on 12 October 1915 without reference to the German high command.
Cavell’s case received significant sympathetic worldwide press coverage, most notably in Britain and the then-neutral United States.
Such coverage served to harden current popular opinion regarding supposed routine German barbarity in occupied Belgium.
via First World – Who’s Who – Edith Cavell.