‘Heaven on Earth’ is a term many travellers use to describe a place they love. Have you ever wondered what it would be like to touch the clouds or walk amongst them?
You might be thinking that it could only be possible in fairy tales, but a place like this truly exists. If you ever have a great desire to really walk or touch the clouds, you might as well consider paying a visit to San Marino.
Photo by: elmambo via Panoramio
San Marino, which is officially the Republic of San Marino, is an enclave in Italy stretched across for 61km2.
As claimed by the country, San Marino is supposed to be the oldest surviving sovereign state and a constitutional republic in the entire world.
The estimated population of the country comes up to about 30,000, the smallest population in comparison to the other members of the Council of Europe. San Marino is one of the world’s wealthiest countries in terms of GDP, with a highly stable economy.
When we talk about tides, most of us think it’s when the ocean is higher or lower on the beach. But there’s so much more to know.
For starters, high tide is actually the crest of a really long wave. The highest tides in the world are found at the Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia, where they have a range of 44.6 feet, but it’s the same process happening everywhere.
NOAA explains it best: “Tides are very long-period waves that move through the oceans in response to the forces exerted by the moon and sun. Tides originate in the oceans and progress toward the coastlines where they appear as the regular rise and fall of the sea surface. When the highest part, or crest, of the wave reaches a particular location, high tide occurs; low tide corresponds to the lowest part of the wave, or its trough. The difference in height between the high tide and the low tide is called the tidal range.”
The moon’s gravitational pull causes the tides, but the sun’s gravitational pull also plays a role. The sun’s gravitational force is only about 46% of the moon’s, which means its pull on Earth’s oceans is smaller and so too is its effect on the tides.
When the moon, the sun and Earth are aligned, the pull of the sun adds to the pull of the moon and causes extreme tides — or, extra long waves. This relationship also comes into play when we talk about king tides, a topic that comes up when a storm is on the horizon. King tides are simply an unscientific term used to describe really high tides.
When the moon is closest to Earth — a state called perigee — and this coincides with a full or a new moon, this pushes the tidal range slightly higher.
And when you throw a tropical storm or hurricane into the mix, things really get interesting because a storm system actually pushes more water ahead of it before it even makes landfall. Case in point, as Hurricane Dorian gets closer to the Florida coast, the tides become a bigger factor in how much damage is possible.
“The fact that this storm is hitting during some of the highest tides of the year is very concerning,” CNN meteorologist Brandon Miller said. “The King Tides adding a couple of feet to the water height is almost like the storm being a category higher on scale