The Scilly & Netherlands war lasted 335 years. Casualties Zero.

132036This war was fought between the Netherlands and the Isle of Scilly, which is located off the southwest coast of Great Britain.
The war started in 1651, but like many wars of that era it was not taken seriously and soon forgotten about.
Three centuries passed before the two countries finally agreed to a peace treaty in 1986, making their war the longest in human history.
War duration: (1651-1986) Three hundred and thirty-five years. Casualties: None.


Scilly is probably Britain’s best-kept secret.
A sub-tropical paradise just 28 miles southwest of Lands End – this has to be the ‘perfect holiday’ destination.
Sub-tropical Climate, White Sand Beaches, Peace and Tranquility.
If you are looking for beautiful white beaches, exotic sub-tropical plants and a quality of life that is difficult to find in this busy World, then the Isles of Scilly are your destination of choice.
There are five inhabited islands in the archipelago, set amongst hundreds of smaller islands and rocky islets, which provide homes to numerous species of seabirds and marine animals.
via Listverse and Cornwall Online

Goya’s ‘The Disasters of War’ series.

 Plate 44 of the series is inscribed “I saw it” and gives a first-hand account of the brutality of war (Goya: Plate 44/ The Folio Society)
Goya’s unflinching cycle of drawings, The Disasters of War, are the most searing works of art ever to deal with conflict, argues Alastair Sooke.
One of Goya’s more famous prints shows three naked and dismembered corpses (Goya: Plate 39 / The Folio Society).
via BBC – Culture – Goya’s Disasters of War: The truth about war laid bare.

“Kindness during the Action”.


Bedded down somewhere in the Pacific during the mayhem and fierce fighting against the Japanese army during World War II, this American soldier takes time out to show some kindness by feeding a banana to a battle weary goat.

The Sinking of HMAS Sydney, 1941.

1145892-3x2-940x627On 19 November, 1941 HMAS Sydney and HSK Kormoran sank each other off the coast of Western Australia, with the loss of 645 Australians and about 77 German seamen.
The battle was Australia’s all time largest loss of life in its entire naval history and the largest Allied warship lost with all hands in World War II. For conspiracy theorists, what really happened has remained a controversy for over sixty years!
When we think of World War II’s naval battles, we tend to envision German submarines in the Atlantic or the epic battles pitting Japanese and American aircraft carriers against each other in the Pacific. Yes, we might also imagine some of the fierce confrontations between the German battleship Bismarck and its British rivals.
Such a journey occurred in Autumn 1941 when the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran battled the Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney for a half-hour long engagement off Dirk Hartog Island, Western Australia.
Kormoran had departed German waters late in 1940, under the command of Fregattenkapitän (Commander) Theodor Detmers for the Atlantic, where she sank seven merchant ships and captured an eighth.
By April 1941, the raider sailed to the Indian Ocean in late April 1941, where she intercepted only three merchantmen. Kormoran encountered Sydney in November 1941 . When the battle raged, each ship fired multiple salvos as well as torpedoes on its opponent’s vessel.
After a fierce fight, the ships separated from each other, being a good 10,000 meters or 30,000 feet apart when they would both sink. 645, including the commanding officer, were lost with Sydney.
Kormoran lost 82 killed. 317 survivors of Kormoran were subsequently captured. Among those captured included Detmers, who unsuccessfully tried to escape Australian captivity with other members of his crew.
Despite being in captivity for the remainder of the war, he was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross in December 1941 and even promoted in 1943.
One could argue that given these numbers and the fact that Detmers was regarded as something of a hero in Germany that Germany technically won a numeric victory of sorts.
Moreover, Australia did suffer something of a psychological defeat as the loss of so many men did hurt their morale, but again, the combat was mutually destructive in that both ships were lost and both crews were either killed or killed and captured.
As such, with both ships lost and all hands removed from further participation in the war, we could also argue that neither side truly “won”.
Despite the battle having occurred in 1941, the two wrecks were only located in 2008, over sixty years after one the deadliest naval encounters in Australian and even all of Allied history during mankind’s deadliest war.

Red Flag Over Berlin, May, 1945 by Yevgeny Khaldei.

Soviet soldiers raising the red flag over the Reichstag, May 1945.
Photograph by Yevgeny Khaldei: The David King Collection at Tate
There is an unforgettable photograph of a Soviet soldier raising the red flag over the Reichstag near the end of this momentous exhibition.
The soldier crouches at a terrifying angle to hang his victorious banner above burned-out Berlin in May 1945.
It is a famous shot – the figure high among the parapets beneath a thunderous sky – and known to have been staged, like the marines hoisting the flag at Iwo Jima.
But in this context, one sees it completely new.
The photographer was Jewish. His father and sisters had been murdered by the Nazis.
His uncle made the flag by hand, the hammer and sickle glowing an immaculate white almost at the epicentre of this dark image.
And what has inspired Yevgeny Khaldei is not just the possibility of raising the figure high among the parapets, a worker on the same level as the imperial statues, but the dynamic geometries of Russian abstract art.
His scene is all triangles and heroic diagonals, harking back to El Lissitzky and Malevich.
Read on via Red Star Over Russia: A Revolution in Visual Culture 1905-55 review – a momentous show | Art and design | The Guardian

The Sinking of the “Lusitania” 1915.

lusitaniaOn May 1, 1915, the ship departed New York City bound for Liverpool. Unknown to her passengers but probably no secret to the Germans, almost all her hidden cargo consisted of munitions and contraband destined for the British war effort.
As the fastest ship afloat, the luxurious liner felt secure in the belief she could easily outdistance any submarine. Nonetheless, the menace of submarine attack reduced her passenger list to only half her capacity.
On May 7, the ship neared the coast of Ireland. At 2:10 in the afternoon a torpedo fired by the German submarine U 20 slammed into her side. A mysterious second explosion ripped the liner apart. Chaos reigned.
The ship listed so badly and quickly that lifeboats crashed into passengers crowded on deck, or dumped their loads into the water. Most passengers never had a chance. Within 18 minutes the giant ship slipped beneath the sea. One thousand one hundred nineteen of the 1,924 aboard died. The dead included 114 Americans.
Walter Schwieger was captain of the U-Boat that sank the Lusitania. He watched through his periscope as the torpedo exploded and noted the result in his log, “The ship stops immediately and heals over to starboard quickly, immersing simultaneously at the bow.
It appears as if the ship were going to capsize very shortly. Great confusion is rife on board; the boats are made ready and some of them lowered into the water. In connection therewith great panic must have reigned; some boats, full to capacity are rushed from above, touch the water with either stem or stern first and founder immediately.”
In the ship’s nursery Alfred Vanderbilt, one of the world’s richest men, and playwright Carl Frohman tied life jackets to wicker “Moses baskets” holding infants in an attempt to save them from going down with the ship.
The rising water carried the baskets off the ship but none survived the turbulence created as the ship sank to the bottom. The sea also claimed Vanderbilt and Frohman.
The sinking enraged American public opinion. The political fallout was immediate. President Wilson protested strongly to the Germans. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, a pacifist, resigned.
In September, the Germans announced that passenger ships would be sunk only with prior warning and appropriate safeguards for passengers. However, the seeds of American animosity towards Germany were sown.
Within two years America declared war.
via The Sinking of the Lusitania, 1915.