The Courageous Sophie Scholl, 1921-1943.

Sophie Scholl, the daughter of Robert Scholl, the mayor of Forchtenberg, was born on 9 May, 1921. The family moved to Ulm and in 1933 Sophie joined the Hitler Youth.
At first she was enthusiastic but, influenced by the views of her father, she became increasingly critical of Adolf Hitler and his Nazi government.
Sophie’s brother, Hans Scholl, was also growing disillusioned with Nazi Germany and in 1937 he was arrested and briefly jailed after being accused of subversive activities.
Later that year her father was imprisoned for making critical comments about Adolf Hitler to one of his employees. He was found guilty of saying: “this Hitler is God’s scourge on mankind, and if this war doesn’t end soon the Russians will be sitting in Berlin.”
Hans Scholl was also at the University of Munich and in 1942 he had formed the White Rose group.
Committed to opposing to the government of Nazi Germany members included Hans Scholl, Inge Scholl, Christoph Probst, Alexander Schmorell, Willi Graf and Jugen Wittenstein. Kurt Huber, a philosophy teacher at the university, was also a member of the group.

In Passive Resistance to National Socialism, published in 1943 the group explained the reasons why they had formed the White Rose group:
“We want to try and show that everyone is in a position to contribute to the overthrow of the system. It can be done only by the cooperation of many convinced, energetic people – people who are agreed as to the means they must use.
The White Rose group believed that the young people of Germany had the potential to overthrow Adolf Hitler and the Nazi government.
Do you and your children want to suffer the same fate that befell the Jews? Do you want to be judged by the same standards as your traducers? This included “Down With Hitler”, “Hitler Mass Murderer” and “Freedom”.
On 18th February, Sophie Scholl and Hans Scholl began distributing the sixth leaflet produced by the White Rose group.
It included the following: “The day of reckoning has come – the reckoning of German youth with the most abominable tyrant our people have ever been forced to endure. The Hitler Youth, the SA, the SS, have tried to drug us, to regiment us in the most promising years of our lives. The name of Germany is dishonoured for all time if German youth does not finally rise, take revenge, smash its tormentors.”
They were searched and the police found a handwritten draft of another leaflet. This they matched to a letter in Scholl’s flat that had been signed by Christoph Probst.
Found guilty of sedition they were executed by guillotine a few hours later.
Sophie’s last words to her cell mate were, “It is such a splendid sunny day, and I have to go. But how many have to die on the battlefield in these days, how many young, promising lives. What does my death matter if by our acts thousands are warned and alerted.”
via Spartacus Schoolnet.

Mata Hari, Beautiful but Deadly.

A-Portrait-of-Mata-Hari-c-009Photo from The Guardian.
Possibly one of the most famous spies of all time, Mata Hari was an exotic dancer and high class prostitute in Paris who spied for Germany during World War 1.
The Dutch-born Margaretha Geertruida Zelle began her spying career after working as a courtesan to high-ranking military men and politicians.
Her courtesan status and Dutch passport (Netherlands was a neutral country) allowed her to, literally, sleep with the enemy and gather intel for the German Military.
Mata Hari’s gig came to a halt in January 1917, when French intelligence intercepted a German Military Attache-encoded radio signal to Berlin which declared that they were receiving amazing information from a German spy codenamed H-21.
Mata Hari was identified and arrested in a Paris hotel room on February 13, 1917.
She was executed by Firing Squad on September 15, 1917 for espionage.
via The Most Interesting History Photographs & Articles.

Mateship at Gallipoli, 1915.


Gallipoli 1915, An Australian carrying his wounded mate to a medical aid post for treatment, Gallipoli, 1915
Photograph: Lt. Ernest Brooks/IWM via Getty Images.
So, where was Gallipoli, it was in Turkey and the map below gives you more of an idea of it’s location.
Whatever, it was a bloody long way from Australia for these brave blokes.
via Imperial War Museum.

Portrait of a British Sailor by Cecil Beaton.


Wartime Photo by the famed photographer Sir Cecil Beaton.
Sir Cecil Walter Hardy Beaton, CBE (14 January 1904 – 18 January 1980) was an English fashion, portrait and war photographer, diarist, painter, interior designer and an Academy Award-winning stage and costume designer for films and the theatre.
He was named to the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame in 1970.
via Wikipedia.

Ned Parfelt, Newsboy and Soldier, 1896-1918

The newsboy was Ned Parfett, born in 1896, and one of four brothers from Cornwall Road, Waterloo.
Tragically, six and a half years after this picture was taken, Ned was killed while serving with the British army in France. He was 22.
Ned enlisted in the Royal Field Artillery in 1916, serving as a despatch driver then moving onto reconnaissance duties.
He was awarded the Military Medal and mentioned in despatches for his gallant conduct during a series of missions at the front.
He died on 29 October 1918, just two weeks before the end of the war, when a shell landed on the Quartermaster’s stores as he was picking up some clothes before going on leave.
After his death, the officer who recommended Ned for special recognition wrote to one of his brothers:
‘On many occasions he accompanied me during severe shelling and I always placed the greatest confidence in him.’
Ned Parfett is buried in the British war cemetery at Verchain-Maugré in France.
via Titanic | The National Archives.