Colonel Light’s vision for Adelaide.

611px-William_Light_by_George_JonesColonel Light was born at Kuala Kedah (Malaya) on 27 April 1786. His early years were spent in Theberton, Suffolk, England. He served at various times in both the Royal Navy and the British Army.
He was in France in 1803 when war broke out and was interned by Napoleon at Verdun, but escaped after only one month. He visited India in 1805 and 1806 and returned to Europe in 1807.
He left the Army in 1821 and, in 1823, he went to Spain to join an international volunteer force to aid the Spanish Revolutionary Army and was given the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.
During an engagement at Corunna, Light was severely wounded and was desperately ill for some months. Eventually, he left Spain and returned to England in November 1823.
He arrived in South Australia in 1836, deciding upon the site for Adelaide on the last day of that year.
His survey of Adelaide began on 11 January 1837, at what is now the junction of North and West Terraces, with the work being completed on 10 March.
A granite obelisk marking the commencement of the survey is located on the northern side of the intersection. The naming of streets and squares took place on 23 May 1837.
Colonel Light resigned as Surveyor-General in June 1838, and died from tuberculosis on 6 October 1839.
Read on via Colonel William Light.

Seamus and Bob the Railway Dog, Peterborough.

Hi, my name is Seamus Parham and I will be nine years old in July. That’s me in the picture and the old gentleman is Rod Parham, my Grandpa.
I love my Mum Candace (see below), Uncle Danny, Grandma GMo, Michael and Lady, my dog. And I really like Hot Dogs and Nasi Goreng Noodles.

My Mum loves Australian music, dancing and going on protest marches.

Pictured: “I just love the story of Bob the Railway Dog, who once lived in Peterborough in South Australia and was really famous”.
For more Info. click:

Last week Peter Plowman and Linda took me and Grandpa to Peterborough the old railway town. We all had a great time and saw lots and lots of wonderful things. Thank You Peter.
Seamus Parham.


The Horse Drawn Trams of Victor Harbor.

The town of Victor Harbor is located on the coast of the Fleurieu Peninsula, about 80 km south of Adelaide, in South Australia.Photo: Drew Douglas.
Victor Harbor was originally home to the Australian aboriginal people, who hunted and gathered in the fertile lands, before the Europeans discovered it in 1802.
Today it is a popular tourist destination, and one of the favorite activities for visitors here is to hitch a ride on the horse-drawn tram over a 630-meter long wooden causeway connecting the nearby Granite Island.
This little island is home to a large colony of Penguins which are a popular attraction on the island.
These penguins shelter on the island during the night, departing in the morning to hunt for fish before returning at sunset.
A team of Clydesdale horses pull the tram, doing a couple of shifts a week each, and the trams run on roller bearings to make it nice and easy for them.
Established in 1894, the horse drawn trams carry approximately 180,000 passengers per year taking 50 passengers at a time.
The tram service is provided by the Victor Harbor Horse Drawn Tram, one of the very few horse-drawn tram routes remaining in public transit service.
Read on via Horse Drawn Trams of Victor Harbor | Amusing Planet.

“The Peterborough Times Print Museum”.

dsc_0034Photo: Ray Belt instructs Peter Plowman on the technical aspects of  running the Heidelberg Cylinder.
Our trip to see the “Petersburg Times Print Museum” in the South Australian country town of Peterborough was a huge success.
Why was it called the “Petersburg Times?” The paper was started in the nineteenth century at a time when the town was known as Petersburg. The town was a victim of anti-German sentiment during the First World War and was re-named to Peterborough.
The print shop operated continuously for more than 100 years and along with the machinery and hot metal type are a huge collection of ‘job dockets’ – a pristine record of everything printed for many decades dating from the 1920s onwards.
Front page of the Times during the 1920s.
Ray Belt (Printer), Rod Parham (Comp), Peter Plowman (Printer), Jack Flack (Planner) and Helen Flack traveled to Peterborough on 27 September to link up with Judy Evans, Secretary of the Print Museum History Group and its wonderful members.


Photo: Ray Belt, Peter Plowman, Helen Flack and Judy Evans.
Photo: The Museum has a Wharfedale printing press pictured above. The first Wharfedale was built in England in 1856.
The Print Shop is virtually in the same condition as it was left in 2001 when the owner walked out the door for the last time.
There is a Heidelberg Cylinder and Platen, a Wharfedale Press, Intertype Model C (four magazine) and a fantastic range of old metal handset type and wooden type.
Above: An Intertype Hot Metal typesetter. The Intertype was the British version of the American Linotype.
Photo: The wood fired hot metal furnace which is situated at the rear of the print shop.

Print Shop Address: 9-11 Jervois Street, Peterborough.

Open: Wednesday, Thursday and Friday – 10 am to 2 pm. or by Appointment.

Telephone: 08 8651 2011 or 08 8651 2047.

Entry: $5 per person.

Rod Parham

“Bob the Railway Dog”, Peterborough 1882-95.

Bob the Railway Dog had an insatiable thirst for train travel – he was a dog for all Australians.
THIS SCRUFFY GERMAN COLLIE was born in 1882 with four seriously itchy paws.
At just nine months old, Bob left his home at the Macclesfield Hotel, South Australia, and began his canine career as a hitchhiker on railway locomotives – often taking himself on interstate trips and being welcomed everywhere by friendly train crews.
Peterborough History Group chair Heather Parker says Bob the Railway Dog, as he was later known, was adored throughout his home state and beyond. “He had a wonderful temperament and loved people, particularly the engine drivers,” she says.
“He’d start off going in one direction, he’d get off and think about it for a while – he could pick and choose where he wanted to go – and hop on another train. He liked Broken Hill and he had a friend down in Hindley Street, Adelaide, who used to give him food.”
Adelaide’s “The Advertiser” said in 1939 that, until his death at the distinguished age of 13, Bob traveled freely – “like politicians” – on the trains, suburban trams and even the Murray steamers.
He also attended official functions, The Advertiser reported.

Bob, the railway dog, (sitting on top of the driver’s car) of a stationary locomotive at Port Augusta Railway yard, circa 1887.
Railway staff stand in a group alongside the vehicle. (Photo courtesy of the State Library of South Australia.)
“He was a guest at the banquet for the opening of the railway from Peterborough to Broken Hill and appeared at the opening of the Hawkesbury Bridge in New South Wales.
Bob was happiest on a Yankee engine, said The Petersburg Times: “The big whistle and belching smokestack seem to have an irresistible attraction for him; He lives on the fat of the land, and he is not particular from whom he accepts his dinner.”
News of the traveling dog soon spread, even as far away as England.
In 1895, shortly before Bob died, an E. Cresswell, of Adelaide, wrote to an English magazine, The Spectator, to share Bob’s story.
“His name is Railway Bob and he passes his whole existence on the train – his favourite seat being on top of the coal box,” the author wrote. “He has travelled many thousands of miles, going all over the lines in South Australia.”

A Statue of Bob the Railway Dog in the Main Street of Peterborough, South Australia. (Photo credit: Sulzer55/
“The most curious part of his conduct is that he has no master, but every engine driver is his friend.
At night he follows home his engine man of the day never leaving him or letting him out of his sight until they are back on the Railway Station in the morning, where he starts off on another of his ceaseless journeys”.
Continue reading via Bob the railway dog: icon of Australian history – Australian Geographic

The Naracoorte Glacial Caves.

nara1-550x300Ms Macken studied two fossil sites – Wet Cave and Blanche Cave – located within South Australia’s Naracoorte Caves World Heritage Area to determine the age of the deposits, thereby providing greater clarity on climatic changes and mammal communities in the region.
While the traditional method for dating archaeological and paleontological materials, known as radiocarbon dating, provided estimated age ranges for the two sites overall, Ms Macken said there were numerous information gaps on the age of the individual sedimentary layers.


“The caves are within 400 metres of each other and there was some pre-existing evidence that showed they were of similar age but the multiple layers within the sites were not well documented,” Ms Macken, based in the School of Biological Sciences, said.
“I took all the information that was available on both the age of the sites and the characteristics of the sedimentary layers and used a new statistical modelling technique – one that has never been applied to an Australian fossil site before – to make predictions on how old parts of the deposits were that we didn’t have dates for,” she said.
“For example, the modelling showed one layer in Wet Cave was 18,000 to 16,000 years old so I did the same test in Blanche Cave to see if any of its layers were the same age.”
Ms Macken said the overarching aim of her research was to understand if and how the community of small mammals living within the region of the caves changed through the last glacial cycle (50,000 to 10,000 years ago).
via Unearthing the history of the Naracoorte Caves | HeritageDaily