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The word “pizza” is thought to have come from the Latin word pinsa, meaning flatbread (although there is much debate about the origin of the word). A legend suggests that Roman soldiers gained a taste for Jewish Matzoth while stationed in Roman occupied Palestine and developed a similar food after returning home.
However a recent archeological discovery has found a preserved Bronze Age pizza in the Veneto region.
By the Middle Ages these early pizzas started to take on a more modern look and taste. The peasantry of the time used what few ingredients they could get their hands on to produce the modern pizza dough and topped it with olive oil and herbs.
The introduction of the Indian Water Buffalo gave pizza another dimension with the production of mozzarella cheese. Even today, the use of fresh mozzarella di buffalo in Italian pizza cannot be substituted.
While other cheeses have made their way onto pizza (usually in conjunction with fresh mozzarella), no Italian Pizzeria would ever use the dried shredded type used on so many American pizzas.
The introduction of tomatoes to Italian cuisine in the 18th and early 19th centuries finally gave us the true modern Italian pizza. Even though tomatoes reached Italy by the 1530s it was widely thought that they were poisonous and were grown only for decoration.
However the innovative (and probably starving) peasants of Naples started using the supposedly deadly fruit in many of their foods, including their early pizzas.
Since that fateful day the world of Italian cuisine would never be the same, however it took some time for the rest of society to accept this crude peasant food.
Once members of the local aristocracy tried pizza they couldn’t get enough of it, which by this time was being sold on the streets of Naples for every meal. As pizza popularity increased, street vendors gave way to actual shops where people could order a custom pizza with many different toppings.
By 1830 the “Antica Pizzeria Port’Alba” of Naples had become the first true pizzeria and this venerable institution is still producing masterpieces.
The popular pizza Margherita owes its name to Italy’s Queen Margherita who in 1889 visited the Pizzeria Brandi in Naples.
The Pizzaioli (pizza maker) on duty that day, Rafaele Esposito created a pizza for the Queen that contained the three colors of the new Italian flag.
The red of tomato, white of the mozzarella and fresh green basil was a hit with the Queen and the rest of the world. Neapolitan style pizza had now spread throughout Italy and each region started designing their own versions based on the Italian culinary rule of fresh, local ingredients.
Read on via History of Pizza | Italy.
by James Gould-Bourn
Cycling is one of the most eco-friendly ways to travel, and thanks to this solar-powered bike lane that glows in the dark, it just got even more so.
The luminous blue cycling strip, which can be found near Lidzbark Warminski in the north of Poland, was created by TPA Instytut Badań Technicznych Sp. z o.o.
It’s made from a synthetic material that can give out light for up to ten hours at a time once charged by the sun throughout the day.
Although the concept was inspired by Studio Roosegaarde’s Starry Night bike lane in the Netherlands, the technology is quite different as the Dutch version uses LEDs whereas this one is entirely dependent upon solar power.
It’s still in the testing phase at the moment, but let’s hope that this bright idea will be implemented in other countries in the very near future.
A supermoon rises over the eastern coast of the Philippines.
Image Credit: Photograph by Brian Yen in the Philippines.
by Emily Sakzewsk
What do your hands say about you?
UK photographer Tim Booth believes the hands tell a more honest story about what a person has been through than faces.In an extensive photographic study, Booth has turned images of people’s hands into an alternative form of portraiture.
“When you look at just the hands, your mind is free from pre-conceptions and is able to imagine the whole life of the person, their completeness, rather than just the aesthetic of a face,” he told the ABC.
He has had the pleasure of working with some of the world’s most well-known people, including England’s former rugby union player Jonny Wilkinson and Pink Floyd drummer Nick Mason.
But Booth is also intrigued by the not as well-known, everyday people with a lifetime of experience in their trade.
Photo: Tom Kennedy, a baker for nearly half a century, had never taken a day off in 49 years. He lost the end of his finger in a bicycle accident when he was twelve. (Supplied: Tim Booth Photography) Photo: Frank Suarez’s hands are extensions to the tools of his trade as a mechanic. He says they’re so ingrained with oil it takes him a week to get them completely clean. (Supplied: Tim Booth Photography)
Since then, Booth has chosen his subjects based on their profession. He chooses people whose hands are intricately involved in the world they produce.“There were also just some people who I really wanted to photograph because of what they had managed to achieve in their lifetime, such as Sir Ranulph Fiennes the explorer who’s exploits are more or less legendary,” he said. Photo: Jonny Wilkinson’s now famous pre-kick hands clasped gesture, developed over the years, helps him go to a place where he can drown out the mayhem and clear his mind. (Supplied: Tim Booth Photography) Photo: In 1962 Nick Mason made some new friends at Poly: four years later they became Pink Floyd. He has drummed for somewhere between 15-20,000 hours. (Supplied: Tim Booth Photography.)
For quite some time I’ve had the idea to capture the contradictions of life in Athens during the years of the economic crisis, but not in a documentary way.
December is a cold month in a mediteranean country intrinsically linked to its warm climate
Christmas lights and decorations all over the city streets at Nighttime.
In a country generally connected to daylight, rain and umbrellas, are the opposite to its otherwise careless and outgoing character.