Mycterophallus duboulayi is a chafer beetle and like all of its kind loves flowers and hot sunny weather. Photo credit: Stanley and Kaisa Breeden
Photographers Stanley and Kaisa Breeden have focused their lenses on some very small forms of life.
The pair are masters of ‘focal stacking’ photography, in which they merge images to create an otherwise unachievable depth-of-field.
Here, they’ve used their skills to bring out some of nature’s smallest details, from the amazingly delicate textures of moth wings to the curled-up form of a sleeping
In this defence posture, the caterpillar of the fruit-piercing moth (Eudocima fullonia) has stretched segments of its body to enlarge the ‘eyes’ on its skin – a ploy to discourage predators. The moth is as striking as the caterpillar. Photo credit: Stanley and Kaisa Breeden
All these images can be found in their book, Small Wonders: A close look at nature’s miniatures.
Stag beetles like this splendid Mueller’s stag beetle (Phalacrognathus muelleri) are not endowed with antlers but with enlarged and reinforced mandibles. The ‘antlers’ are really its jaws. Photo credit: Stanley and Kaisa Breeden
There are 30,00 types of flies, one of the most familiar and widely distributed is the house fly. Besides being annoying it can also carry diseases like typhus, dysentery, and tuberculosis,.
The introduction of cattle to Australia in 1788 gave the fly increased access to one of it’s food sources, animal dung.
Australian have battled flies in the home and in the paddocks.and the Museum holds a wide variety of approaches to combat flies from poisons like the oddly named and decorated Daisy killer pictured above to fly swats, fly paper and glass fly traps.
The Daisy killer metal tin has five holes in it which have felt wicks and it contain arsenic.
When the tin is filled with water and the corks replaced and thoroughly shaken (while kept level) the fly poison mixes with water and is absorbed through the wicks which become moist and sweet . The flies are attracted by the moisture and sweetness.
The tin is oddly pretty for a poison container which perhaps explains why a 1910 newspaper article describes a young child being attracted to the container and licking it, with fatal consequences.
There has been a great variety of poisons and pesticides used to combat the fly with products named ‘Must Die’ and ‘GOT- U ‘ and Anti buzz buzz’ and ‘Aussie catchy foot’ fly papers.
The best known advertisement known to generations of Australians was the Louis the fly campaign which started in 1957, he now has his own Facebook page.
The ‘Flies have dirty feet’ poster is one of a collection of 17 Australian health and safety posters that have survived from the 1950s. In their range they cover many of the public health issues that concerned government authorities at that time. One of these issues was cleanliness.
The mid-20th century was a time when personal and civic cleanliness was stressed as a means of combating disease, both because dirt itself harboured germs and because filth and litter attracted vermin – such as rats and flies – that were branded as disease-carriers.
Poster, ‘Flies have dirty feet’, health, paper, [printed by V C N Blight, Government Printer, Sydney], produced by the New South Wales Department of Public Health, New South Wales, Australia, c. 1955. Collection: Powerhouse Museum