A comprehensive guide to help the unwitting visitor avoid falling victim to the various and nefarious crimes abound in early 19th-century London.
Written by “a gentleman who has made the police of the metropolis an object of enquiry for twenty-two years”, the book is split into six main chapters:
“Out Door Delinquencies”, “Inn Door Tricks”, “Miscellaneous Offences”, “House-Breakers”, “Minor Cheats”, and “Of Conspirators and Informers”, containing within them a multitude of sub-chapters including the rather wonderfully titled offences of “Smashing”, “Greeks and Legs”, “Private Stills”, “Bon Ton”, “Box Lobby”, and “Pretenders to Literature”.
A visual Impression of what Ranulf Flambard could have looked like.
Ranulf Flambard, chief tax-collector, was imprisoned under King Henry I. He was the Tower of London’s first prisoner and also became its first escapee.
Flambard had made himself unpopular doing King William Rufus’s dirty work, collecting large taxes and becoming very rich.
When William died, his brother Henry I accused the Bishop of extortion and sent him to the White Tower in chains.
Flambard used the cover of the feast of Candlemas to make a bold escape.
He had a rope smuggled to him in a gallon of wine. He invited his guards to join him for a great banquet. When they were completely drunk and snoring soundly, he seized his chance.
The White Tower of London.
He tied the rope to a column which stood in the middle of a window and, holding his Bishop’s staff, he climbed down the rope.
At the foot of the tower, his friends had horses ready and he galloped off to safety.
Billy the Kid
(1859-81) The American outlaw, born Henry McCarty, killed eight people before being shot dead at the age of 21.
This new photo of the criminal (second from the left) playing cards, which is said to be only the second in existence of him, is being auctioned in Dallas, Texas and is expected to sell for $1m (£770,000).
Photograph: Sofe Design Auctions
Bonnie and Clyde met in Texas in January, 1930. At the time, Bonnie was 19 and married to an imprisoned murderer; Clyde was 21 and unmarried.
Soon after, he was arrested for a burglary and sent to jail. He escaped, using a gun Bonnie had smuggled to him, was recaptured and was sent back to prison.
Clyde was paroled in February 1932, rejoined Bonnie, and resumed a life of crime.
In addition to the automobile theft charge, Bonnie and Clyde were suspects in other crimes in several states. At the time they were killed on 23 May 1934, they were believed to have committed 13 murders, kidnappings, several robberies and burglaries.
These pictures were from undeveloped film found at their Joplin, Missouri hideout taken by W.D. Jones, also a member of the Barrow Gang.
They left the hideout and many possessions behind after a shootout with the police, which resulted in the death of 2 police officers.
The Knife Angel is installed in the town’s Centre Square.
The 8m tall sculpture will stand for four weeks as a reminder of the devastation caused by knife crime.
It was created by The British Ironwork Centre and is made from more than 100,000 discarded knives and weapons confiscated by police across the country..
Image Credit: Photograph by Ian Forsyth/Getty Images
The inspiration for the character of Sherlock Holmes.
Doyle said that the character of Sherlock Holmes was inspired by Dr. Joseph Bell, a surgeon at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh for whom Doyle had worked as a clerk.
Like Holmes, Bell was noted for drawing large conclusions from the smallest observations.
However, some years later Bell wrote in a letter to Conan Doyle: “You (meaning Conan Doyle) are yourself Sherlock Holmes and well you know it.”
Sir Henry Littlejohn, Chair of Medical Jurisprudence at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, is also cited as an inspiration for Holmes. Littlejohn served as Police Surgeon and Medical Officer of Health of Edinburgh, providing for Doyle a link between medical investigation and the detection of crime.
via Sherlock Holmes.
William Henry McCarty Jr., aka Billy the Kid, born in 1859, was killed in an ambush by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner, New Mexico, in 1881.
Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons
Sheriff Pat Garrett would later claim that on the night he shot down Billy the Kid, the notorious outlaw was holding a gun.
But the account Garrett gave of that night in his biography of Billy the Kid is odd, to say the least.
The date was July 14, 1881, and Billy had been a fugitive for months. Acting on a tip, Garrett had tracked Billy to Fort Sumner, New Mexico and entered the home of his acquaintance Peter Maxwell. Garrett found Maxwell asleep.
The sheriff sat down on the bed, roused Maxwell and asked him the whereabouts of Billy. Remarkably, at that precise moment a shadowy figure entered the room, having nearly stepped on Garrett’s two assistants who were lurking outside the door. It was Billy.
He was carrying a butcher’s knife and, allegedly, a gun. The knife was intended for carving a hunk of meat from a yearling Maxwell had recently butchered. You see, Billy was feeling peckish and in need of sustenance and had ventured over to Maxwell’s to secure the meat in question.
As Billy entered the dark room and moved to the head of the bed to speak with Maxwell, his eyes adjusted enough to note the presence of Garrett who was still sitting next to the supine Maxwell on the bed.
Billy jumped back nervously, aiming his gun at Garrett and saying in Spanish, “¿Quien es? ¿Quien es?” (Who is it? Who is it?) They were the last words Billy the Kid ever spoke.
Maxwell helpfully informed Garrett that this new visitor was none other than Billy the Kid, whispering, “That’s him.” Garrett drew his gun and fired.
Billy fell, struggled to breathe for a few moments, then expired. Garrett claimed Billy was 21 at the time but nobody knows for sure if that’s true.
He might have been as young as 19.
Continue reading via Source: How Billy the Kid Really Died | HowStuffWorks
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid is an American Western film directed by George Roy Hill and written by William Goldman.
It was the top-grossing film of its year and top 10 for its decade, though initially received lukewarm reviews from critics.
The film was nominated for total seven Oscar categories and won four for Best Cinematography, Best Original Score for a Motion Picture (not a Musical), Best Music, Song and Best Original Screenplay at the 42nd Academy Awards.
The story is loosely based on two Wild West criminal outlaws Robert LeRoy Parker, known as Butch Cassidy (Paul Newman), and his partner Harry Alonzo Longabaugh, the “Sundance Kid” (Robert Redford).
Butch was the brains and leader of the Hole-in-the-Wall Gang, while his closest companion Sundance preferred action and skill.
After their second robbery on the same train, Butch and Sundance began to get pursued by a special posse.
With their persistent track, Butch convinced Sundance and Etta (Katharine Ross), the latter’s lover, that they should escape to Bolivia, which was a paradise for robber according to Butch’s visions.