Ice Cave on the Erubus Glacer, Ross Island.

Ross Island, Antartic
An ice cave on the Erebus Glacier. A secret world of animals and plants may live in warm caves under Antarctica’s glaciers, including new species, scientists believe.
Photograph: Joel Bensing/AFP/Getty Images
Source: A Tiger dance and a washout at Bestival – Friday’s fantastic photos | News | The Guardian

Cavern, Adelie Land, circa 1913.

Photograph: On the Frozen Sea in a Cavern Eaten Out by the Waves Under the Coastal Ice-cliffs, Adelie Land, Australian Antarctic Expedition c.1913
by Frank Hurley.
In 1911, Australian explorer Douglas Mawson left Sydney on a three-year Antarctic expedition.
On board was Australian photographer Frank Hurley.
Here, along the shore of Antarctica’s Adelie Land, Hurley captures a long cave hollowed out by waves.
Source: Gallery: The underground Australia

Extinct Mega Penguin was two metres Tall.


Forget emperor penguins, say hello to the colossus penguin.
Newly unearthed fossils have revealed that Antarctica was once home to the biggest species of penguin ever discovered. It was 2 metres long and weighed a hefty 115 kilograms.
Palaeeudyptes klekowskii lived 37 to 40 million years ago.
This was “a wonderful time for penguins, when 10 to 14 species lived together along the Antarctic coast”, says Carolina Acosta Hospitaleche of the La Plata Museum in Argentina.
She has been excavating fossil deposits on Seymour Island, off the Antarctic peninsula.
This was a warmer region 40 million years ago, with a climate like that of present-day Tierra del Fuego, the islands at the southern tip of South America.
Now she has uncovered two bigger bones. One is part of a wing, and the other is a tarsometatarsus, formed by the fusion of ankle and foot bones. The tarsometatarsus measures a record 9.1 centimetres.
Based on the relative sizes of bones in penguin skeletons, Acosta Hospitaleche estimates P. klekowskii was 2.01 metres long from beak tip to toes.
Its height will have been somewhat less than its length owing to the way penguins stand. But it was nevertheless larger than any known penguin.
via Extinct mega penguin was tallest and heaviest ever – New Scientist.

Frozen in Ice, Maxwell Bay.

mar-sem-fim-14[6]by Kaushik
Mar Sem Fim (“Endless Sea” in English) is a Brazilian yacht that was shipwrecked, sunk and subsequently got frozen in ice in Maxwell Bay of Ardley Cove, Antarctica, about 1,200 kilometres south of the tip of South America, in April 7th, 2012.
The yacht that belonged to the famed Brazilian journalist and entrepreneur João Lara Mesquita, was manned by four crew who were filming a documentary off the Antarctic coast when the boat capsized.
Strong winds in excess of 100-kilometer per hour had tossed the boat from one side to the other “like a bucking bronco in a rodeo,” according to one crew member.
With their vessel trapped in ice, the crew radioed for help and was received by the Chilean navy in the base in Bahia Fildes, in Antarctica.
All four researchers were eventually rescued but bad weather delayed the process by two days.
João Lara Mesquita, who was also in the yacht, wrote in his blog:
“Then, with strong winds and high waves, the boat Frei came to us. Our evacuation was epic.
Waves of more than 1.5 meters and winds over 40 knots made the boat jump from one side to another, like a bucking bronco. When it got close, each of us … threw ourselves into the arms of three Chilean crew members. Fortunately all went safely.”
via Amusing Planet – Amazing Places, Wonderful People, Weird Stuff.

Penitent Penguins arrive early for Church, South Georgia Island.

In a photo titled “Mom, do we always have to be the first ones at church?” three king penguins approach the only church on South Georgia Island, near Antarctica, appearing to be headed for services.
Image Credit: Photograph by Carl Henry/Comedy Wildlife Photography Awards/Barcroft Images
See more great Images via Comedy Wildlife Photo Awards Are Back : The Two-Way : NPR