The Battle of Zama by Henri-Paul Motti. Public domain illustration
Without elephants, the ancient Library of Alexandria might not have existed.
By 275 BCE, Alexandria was the largest, most beautiful city in the world.
Its buildings were made of limestone and marble, imported from places worlds away. Its relatively temperate climate meant that flowers were almost always in bloom, impressing foreigners both from warmer and cooler climes.
Scholars from around the world came to study and work at the Museum and Library. Life in the city was good.
But it wasn’t always that way.
Just seven years earlier, when Ptolemy Philadelphos (second of the rulers of the Ptolemaic dynasty) took the throne, Alexandria was but another city on the Mediterranean.
In less than one hundred years, it went from a small seaside town founded by Alexander the Great to the city you learned about in your high school world history classes, with its famous lighthouse and library.
All because of elephants.
Florida animal trainer Pamela Rosaire Zoppe bought Chance from pet owners who could no longer keep him.
He now appears in Hollywood films. ”Chimps are so intelligent that they get bored,”she says.
Photograph by Vincent J. Musi
Tree Kangaroos inhabit the tropical rainforests of New Guinea and far northeastern Queensland, and some of the islands in the region — in particular the Schouten Islands and the Raja Ampat Islands near the northwestern coast of New Guinea.
Although most are found in mountainous areas, several species also occur in lowlands, such as the aptly named lowlands tree-kangaroo.
Most tree-kangaroos are considered threatened due to hunting and habitat destruction. Because most of their motion and living involves climbing and jumping from tree to tree, they developed better locomotion.
Tree kangaroos thrive in tree tops as opposed to their cousin the kangaroo which survives on mainland in Australia.
Two species of kangaroo are found in Australia, Bennett’s which is found north of the Daintree River and Lumholtz’s.
Tree kangaroos have adapted better to regions of high altitudes. Tree kangaroos have at least fifteen known subspecies living in Papua New Guinea and Australia.
They must find places comfortable and well adapted for breeding as they only give birth to one joey per year.
They are known to have one of the most relaxed and leisurely birthing seasons. They breed cautiously in treetops during monsoon season.
Their habitats are breeding grounds for danger as they can easily fall prey to their natural predator, amethystine pythons, which also climbs and lives amongst the treetops in the forests.
Tree kangaroos are known to be able to live in both mountainous regions and low-land locations.