The Kodak Brownie Camera, 1900.

Kodak Brownie, 1900
The Brownie was responsible for bringing snapshot photography to the masses in 1900.
A very simple cardboard box with a lens that took Kodak’s 117 roll film, the camera was named after cartoonist Palmer Cox’s popular Brownie character that adorned the box.
It cost $1 (just under $30 in today’s currency) and proved very popular, selling 150,000 units in its first year and spawning a new popular photography movement with multiple follow-up models.
Image Credit: Photograph by David Duprey/AP
See more gadgets via 10 most influential portable gadgets – in pictures | Technology | The Guardian

Endangered: Burrowing Owls.

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Montana’s Fish, Wildlife and Parks lists the bird as “potentially at risk because of limited and/or declining numbers, range and/or habitat, even though it may be abundant in some areas.” The Forest Service and BLM consider the owl a sensitive species. (Courtesy photo)
GLASGOW, Mont. — Just like retirees traveling south to escape the snowy winter, two female burrowing owls have been documented traveling almost 2,000 miles to central Mexico from Eastern Montana for the first time.
“Now we’re learning more about how incredible these birds are,” said David Johnson, of the Global Owl Project.
Last year, GLOW fitted 30 burrowing owls in the Northwest and Canada — including three from the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge in Montana — with tiny backpacks containing satellite transmitters.
The devices track their migration routes and destinations in an attempt to give researchers insight into the birds’ population decline.
No one has completed a survey to arrive at a population number for the birds in Montana, according to Steve Huffman, executive director of Montana Audubon.
“If you polled a bunch of owl experts, though, you’d probably find the range of the species is declining and Montana is no exception to that,” he said.
In Canada the bird is listed as an endangered species because of “habitat loss and fragmentation, road kills, pesticides, food shortage, fewer burrow providers and mortality on migration and wintering areas,” according to Parks Canada.
Read on via Birds with backpacks: Study tracks flight of burrowing owls – TwinCities.com.

Did the Planet “Theia” hit Earth and create the Moon?

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An artist’s rendering of the collision that created the moon (Paul Wootton/ /Science Photo Library/Corbis)
Scientists have announced that they had found evidence of the planetary body that slammed into the earth over four billion years ago, creating the moon.
In analyzing lunar rocks collected on the Apollo missions, they found that the moon rocks contained different ratios of oxygen isotopes 17 and 16 than their earthly counterparts, showing that some percentage of the moon likely had to come from somewhere else.
Daniel Herwartz, lead author of the study told Space.com:
“The differences are small and difficult to detect, but they are there,” Herwartz said. “We now get an idea of the composition of Theia.”
That was the name given to the Mars-sized planet in 2000 by Alex Halliday.
Most scientists 14 years ago had started to accept the giant impact hypothesis, first proposed in the 1970s, and when Halliday proposed calling the planet Theia, the name caught on.
But what people couldn’t figure out was where all the evidence for Theia had gone.
The earth and moon have very similar chemical compositions. So similar, if fact, that it’s been a huge puzzle for scientists trying to prove the Giant Impact Theory.
With this new research there is finally some difference. Or is there?
There is still considerable scientific research looking in to moon formation, along with a lot of debate, so it’s no surprise really that not everyone in the scientific community agrees that the differing oxygen isotopes are conclusive enough evidence for Theia.
Read on via What Would the Planet That Smashed Into Earth and Created the Moon Have Been Like? | Smart News | Smithsonian.

The Maned Wolf of South America.

Maned Wolf
The maned wolf is the largest canid in South America, resembling a large fox with reddish fur.
This mammal is found in open and semi-open habitats, especially grasslands with scattered bushes and trees throughout South America.
The maned wolf is the tallest of the wild canids and it’s long legs are most likely an adaptation to the tall grasslands of its native habitat.
Source: 20+ Strange Animals You Probably Didn’t Know Existed

The Isolator an Insane Anti-Distraction Helmet from 1925.

A full-face helmet made from solid wood, Gernsback’s invention claimed to cut out 95 per cent of any noise bothering the wearer.
Another handy feature was the minimal vision it allowed.
A small piece of glass granted the person wearing it sight, but even that was painted black, with only a thin segment scraped clear to allow you to see paper in front of them.
The good (and maybe bad) of being both an inventor and publisher, is no one can stop you publishing images of your own ridiculous inventions.
This contraption was featured in Gernsback’s own magazine, Science and Invention, in 1925.
Later, the inventor added an oxygen tank when it was found wearers were getting sleepy inside the quiet, dark and – as it turns out – carbon-dioxide-filled helmet.
Laugh all you want, but it seems as though the Isolator may have actually worked – at least for Gernsback.
His editing and writing output was so vast that some now dub him the Father of Science Fiction.
Source: The Isolator: This Insane Anti-Distraction Helmet From 1925 Would Fit Into Any Modern Open Office ~ vintage everyday

The mysterious Greenland Shark, Arctic Zone.

shark_loresThey can be as big as great white sharks, but that’s about as far as the comparison goes.
Their maximum speed is a lethargic 1.7 miles per hour, many are almost blind, and they are happy to eat rotting carcasses.
They may be common throughout the ocean, but you’ve probably never heard of them. Meet the Greenland shark.
Looking like nothing so much as a chunk of weather-beaten rock, Greenland sharks (Somniosus microcephalus) can grow up to 7.3 metres (24 feet) long, making them one of the largest of all fish, and the biggest in the Arctic.
But they prefer to live in deep, cold water, so humans rarely see them.
Studies in the Arctic have revealed a few snippets of information about Greenland sharks, and more data is now starting to come in from elsewhere.
It turns out that Greenland sharks are bizarre, and may be crucially important for the ocean ecosystem.
Greenland sharks only come close to the surface in places where the shallow water is frigid enough for them – primarily in the Arctic.
Read on via BBC – Earth – Mysterious giant sharks may be everywhere.