On 23 August, 1966, the Gurindji people walked off the job at Wave Hill Station in the Northern Territory in protest over low wages, bad work conditions and the dispossession of their land.
The 250 men, women and children were led by Vincent Lingiari, (pictured above) a community elder and head stockman at the 26,975sq.km cattle station 600km south of Darwin in the Northern Territory.
A nine-year strike followed that remains the longest in Australian history, ending with the handing back of the land to the Gurindji by the Australian government.
This event marked a crucial point in the national Aboriginal land rights movement and led to the establishment of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act (Northern Territory) of 1976, the first law to recognise indigenous land ownership.
Poor conditions for indigenous workers
“Wave Hill was a major step on the long road towards equality between settlers and indigenous Australians,” says Professor Deborah Rose, an anthropologist at the University of New South Wales in Sydney.
Vincent meets Prime Minister Gough Whitlam in 1975. (ABC News).