Alexandre’s Patent Steel Pens.

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“Alois Senefelder, the inventor of lithography, made for his own use pens from steel watch-springs.
In 1816, he sold his invention to J. Alexandre of Birmingham, who started the manufacture of steel pens.
At first they were a luxury but about 1830 they came into extensive universal use.” –Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, v. 6 (1917).
Here is an early advertisement for Alexandre’s firm.
Today, Birmingham is home to the Pen Museum:
http://goo.gl/tZUkIB
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Trade card for J. Alexander, ca. 1830. Graphic Arts Collection. Gift of W. Allen Scheuch II, Class of 1976.
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Trade Card for Alexander’s Belgian broadside steel pen.
via Patent Steel Pens | Graphic Arts.

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