Alexandre’s Patent Steel Pens.


“Alois Senefelder, the inventor of lithography, made for his own use pens from steel watch-springs.
In 1816, he sold his invention to J. Alexandre of Birmingham, who started the manufacture of steel pens.
At first they were a luxury but about 1830 they came into extensive universal use.” –Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, v. 6 (1917).
Here is an early advertisement for Alexandre’s firm.
Today, Birmingham is home to the Pen Museum:
Trade card for J. Alexander, ca. 1830. Graphic Arts Collection. Gift of W. Allen Scheuch II, Class of 1976.
Trade Card for Alexander’s Belgian broadside steel pen.
via Patent Steel Pens | Graphic Arts.

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