Vintage Printing Terms, Part Two.

Colophon
A statement at the end of a book containing some or all of the following: name of the work, author, printer, place of printing, date. It is sometimes accompanied by a printer’s device or mark. This information was later carried on the title page.
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Compositor
A person who sets, corrects and distributes type (see image above). The work of operating a hand-press was performed by a pressman.
Distributing type
Returning the individual letters and sorts to their cases, after they have been printed. Often shortened to ‘dissing’.
Engraving
Illustrations or decorations printed (intaglio) from a metal plate, or (in relief) from the end-grain of a wood-block, whose surface has been incised with a graver or burin. From the late 15th century until c.1830 the metal was usually copper.
Epilogue
The concluding part of a work; an appendix.
Folio
A leaf of paper in which the chain lines run vertically down the page. Unless cut as a separate leaf, a folio is usually one half of a sheet folded in two (a bifolium). The size of the full sheet before folding corresponds to the size of the paper-maker’s mould. Depending on the size of the mould, a folio is typically 12-15 inches tall.
A book made up of gatherings of these sheets, each folded once, is also called a folio, as distinct from a quarto (folded twice), octavo (folded three times), etc.
Read on via First Impressions | Glossary.

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