Author and prominent Spiritualist Sir Arthur Conan Doyle learned of the photographs from the editor of the Spiritualists’ publication Light.
He had been commissioned by The Strand Magazine to write an article on fairies for their Christmas issue, and the fairy photographs “must have seemed like a godsend” according to broadcaster and historian Magnus Magnusson.
Doyle contacted Gardner in June 1920 to determine the background to the photographs, and wrote to Elsie and her father to request permission from the latter to use the prints in his article. Arthur Wright was “obviously impressed” that Doyle was involved, and gave his permission for publication, but he refused payment on the grounds that, if genuine, the images should not be “soiled” by money.
Gardner and Doyle sought a second expert opinion from the photographic company Kodak. Several of the company’s technicians examined the enhanced prints, and although they agreed with Snelling that the pictures “showed no signs of being faked”, they concluded that “this could not be taken as conclusive evidence … that they were authentic photographs of fairies”.
Kodak declined to issue a certificate of authenticity. Gardner believed that the Kodak technicians might not have examined the photographs entirely objectively, observing that one had commented “after all, as fairies couldn’t be true, the photographs must have been faked somehow”.
The prints were also examined by another photographic company, Ilford, who reported unequivocally that there was “some evidence of faking”. Gardner and Doyle, perhaps rather optimistically, interpreted the results of the three expert evaluations as two in favour of the photographs’ authenticity and one against.
Doyle also showed the photographs to the physicist and pioneering psychical researcher Sir Oliver Lodge, who believed the photographs to be fake. He suggested that a troupe of dancers had masqueraded as fairies, and expressed doubt as to their “distinctly ‘Parisienne'” hairstyles.
The inspiration for the character of Sherlock Holmes.
Doyle said that the character of Sherlock Holmes was inspired by Dr. Joseph Bell, a surgeon at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh for whom Doyle had worked as a clerk.
Like Holmes, Bell was noted for drawing large conclusions from the smallest observations.
However, some years later Bell wrote in a letter to Conan Doyle: “You (meaning Conan Doyle) are yourself Sherlock Holmes and well you know it.”
Sir Henry Littlejohn, Chair of Medical Jurisprudence at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, is also cited as an inspiration for Holmes. Littlejohn served as Police Surgeon and Medical Officer of Health of Edinburgh, providing for Doyle a link between medical investigation and the detection of crime.
Visitors admire artist Luke Jerram’s installation “Museum of the Moon” at Liverpool Cathedral, part of the “Changing Tides” creative program curated for the Three Festivals Tall Ships Regatta and Bordeaux Wine Festival in Liverpool, England.
The installation is a 23-foot replica of the moon which uses detailed NASA imagery of the lunar surface and includes a sound composition created by BAFTA and Ivor Novello award-winning composer Dan Jones.
Image Credit: Photograph by Christopher Furlong / Getty
Father Joseph holds a glass of Tynt Meadow. Photograph: Oli Scarff/AFP/Getty Images
Faced with dwindling revenues from dairy farming, the monks at the Trappist monastery of Mount St Bernard Abbey in Leicestershire decided to swap milk for beer.
What is a Trappist beer?
A beer must meet certain criteria before it can be called Trappist. It must be made within the immediate surroundings of an abbey. Production must be carried out under the supervision of the monks or nuns. And finally, any profits should be intended for the needs of the monastic community, for purposes of solidarity within the Trappist Order, or for development projects and charitable works. In other words: no commercial brewing.
In most people’s minds Trappist means Belgian. And it’s true that most Trappist beer is brewed there. And now the UK has Tynt Meadow, brewed by the monks at Mount Saint Bernard Abbey.
The abbey monks describe their beer as “mahogany-coloured, with a subtle, warm red hue, and a lasting beige head.” It certainly looks the part of a well-brewed beer. While Tynt Meadow wouldn’t look out of place next to a Westmalle Dubbel or a Westvleteren quadrupel, it is distinctly different.
The beer is not simply a clone of other Trappist beers. For a start it doesn’t display the fruity yeast character of Belgian beers. Instead its aroma is spicier, with hints of liquorice and mint, and perhaps clove. This is all apparent in its flavour, where there are dark sugars too, molasses and burnt orange.
The Trappist monastery of Mount St Bernard Abbey near Coalville, Leicestershire in central England.
The Adventures of Cinderella; 1810; G. Martin, Cheapside in London.
A short and wonderfully illustrated version of the Cinderella tale most probably dating from the early 19th century (no date can be made out in the book itself).
The rhymes often work best when said with in a Georgian cockney drawl, e.g. “born” and “gone”.
Strangely the last part of the tale seems rather rushed, maybe they ran out of room?
Cinderella or The Little Glass Slipper, is a folk tale embodying a myth-element of unjust oppression and triumphant reward.
Thousands of variants are known throughout the world. The title character is a young woman living in unfortunate circumstances, that are suddenly changed to remarkable fortune.
The story of Rhodopis, recounted by the Greek geographer Strabo in around 7 BC, about a Greek slave girl who marries the king of Egypt, is usually considered as the earliest known variant of the “Cinderella” story.