First Book Printed in English.

opening-two_facing_pagesLe Recueil des Histoires de Troye, a 1464 work by Raoul Lefèvre, tells a chivalirized version of the history of the city Troy. The Greek heroes, Hercules and Jason, are recast as ideal knights and founders of the Burgundian dynasty.
It was translated by William Caxton into English soon after it was written and found popularity under its new title, The Recuyell of the Histories of Troye. But these days, it is best known for its place in the literary tradition as the first book ever printed in English, and it just sold for over one million dollars.
In the prologue of the English translation, Caxton records how the “work was begun in Bruges in the County of Flanders, the first day of March, the year of the Incarnation of our said Lord God a thousand four hundred sixty and eight, and ended and finished in the holy city of Cologne 19 September, the year of our said Lord God a thousand four hundred sixty and eleven, etc.” It was to be a gift for Duke Charles’s new wife, Margaret, upon her entry into the English court.
The original hand-written copy was produced as part of a long tradition of currying royal favor. Sotheby’s, where a first printed edition was up for auction, writes that “It is unlikely that Caxton originally intended his translation for print.
He probably first encountered the printing press when he moved to Cologne in 1471 and it was almost certainly at that point that he began to consider undertaking a radically new commercial venture: printing in English.”
Postcard_-_Bruges_-_Maison_du_Franc_II_(Excelsior_Series_11,_NoThe Beautiful City of Bruges.
The young tradition of the printing press, at the time just 30 years old, favored Latin works over any particular vernacular for their ability to find a market across Europe.
Caxton, however, was confident that the cultural cache of the Burgundian court would inspire literate English nobles to embrace The Recuyell of the Histories of Troye.
Although the date of his translation is carefully recorded in the prologue, the context of that first printing is more difficult to determine.
Historians have placed it sometime between 1473 and 1475 at a workshop in Bruges.
Read more via The First Book Ever Printed in English Sells for Over a Million Dollars | Mental Floss.

Golden Eagle chases a Red Fox Thief.

Snatch and Grab.
Stefan hiked for five kilometres in thick snow in the Sinite Kamani National Park in Bulgaria to reach a hide known to be a golden eagle hotspot.
It was one of the coldest winters in recent years, and using a vehicle was out of the question.
On the second day, he spent a long while watching a golden eagle eating a carcass. ‘I was able to get some great portrait shots,’ says Stefan, ‘but what happened next took me by surprise.’
A red fox sidled up and tried to snatch the meal, but the eagle was having none of it.
“After a short, fierce spat, the fox fled with the eagle literally hard on its heels.”
A golden eagle can kill prey even bigger than a fox, but with a carcass to defend, the eagle was almost certainly just trying to scare the fox away rather than grab it.
Source: Gallery: Top wildlife photographs in 2012

‘Vertical Farming.’

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Pener Velvet and Zoer teamed up recently for this massive mural loosely titled “Vertical Farming”.
The Mural was painted in Turek, Poland, as Poland continues to push the medium through large scale murals.
Vertical Farming references the architechural elements of Pener’s work while mixing in the realist work of Velvet and Zoer.
A beautiful collaboration that once again showcases the strength of todays modern painters to be able to work effectively together as a team with their art.

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via Pener Velvet, and Zoer “Vertical Farming” | Graffuturism.

Parisian Artist C215 decorates Valletta.

03b728dcd3f5392e028d369cbdc4f46f105a5382-1414688844-5452704c-620x348Parisian street artist Christian Guemy- better known as C215 and often referred to as France’s response to Banksy – has left a trail of art pieces inspired by the ghost of Caravaggio on pillar boxes. Pictured is his Medusa in Valletta.
Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi.
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A painting by Parisian street artist Christian Guemy, better known as C215, decorates a post box in Valletta.
Image Credit: Photograph by Darrin Zammit Lupi.

via Photos of the week – Times of Malta – timesofmalta.com.

Castles in Slovenia, Spain & Germany.

exploringthearth

Predjama Castle, Slovenia
http://goo.gl/7F25ug
This renaissance castle was built into a rock near the town of Postojna, Slovenia. It was built in the stone wall to make access to it more difficult.
There is also a secret shaft leading out of the castle.
opentravel
Segovia Castle, Spain  
http://goo.gl/r8hjaJ
This monumental stone fortress located near the town of Segovia, Spain, is one of the most famous castles in the Iberian Peninsula.
Thanks to its distinctive shape, it became one of the inspirations for Disney´s Cinderella Castle.
neuschwanstein_winter_marys
Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany 
http://goo.gl/IObvqF
The Neuschwanstein Castle’s fairytale-like look makes it one of the most popular tourist attractions in Germany with more than 1.3 million visitors every year.
Look how incredibly impressive it is in winter!
See more Images via 25 Astounding Fairytale-Like European Castles and Chateaus.

A Cold Winter in Northern Austria.

130Ice covered leaves of a tree hang over a roadside shrine near Kottes in northern Austria.
Freezing fog and rain covered parts of the region with ice, causing blocked roads due to fallen trees and closed schools for security reasons, local media report.
(Photo by Heinz-Peter Bader/Reuters)
220 Europe Faces Cold Winter
Branches of a tree are covered with ice near Amstall in northern Austria.
(Photo by Heinz-Peter Bader/Reuters)
169 Europe Faces Cold Winter
Ice covered trees are pictured at the Taubenberg mountain near Warnga.
(Photo by Michael Dalder/Reuters)
via Europe Faces Cold Winter » Design You Trust. Design and Beyond..