The will of a Gallipoli hero, Private John Simpson Kirkpatrick, was recently discovered by the State Records Office (SRO) in Western Australia.
Simpson and his donkey became symbols of the Anzac spirit, famed for transporting wounded Australian and New Zealand soldiers from the frontline at Gallipoli to safety in 1915.
Simpson was born in England in 1892, joined the merchant marines at 17 and eventually made his way to Australia.
In August 1914, he enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force and started training at Blackboy Hill camp near Perth.
Simpson disembarked for training in Egypt and it was there, just weeks before his death, he pencilled a will on 6 April, 1915.
“In the event of my death, I give the whole of my property and effects to my mother Sarah Simpson,” he wrote.
Gallipoli hero John Simpson Kirkpatrick, was killed at the age of 22 while trying to rescue an injured soldier.
“Simpson was posted to the 3rd Field Ambulance and landed in Gallipoli on 25 April
As a stretcher bearer he decided he would enlist the help of a donkey to carry the wounded.
Only three weeks after landing he was killed by a Turkish bullet during a journey up Monash Valley to help wounded soldiers and became a national symbol of sacrifice and courage.