The immense rock formation of Uluru and rock domes of Kata Tjuta in the Northern Territory of Australia are remarkable geological and landform features set on a sand plain.
They have special significance to the Anangu people as their Tjurkurpa (traditional law).
Uluru is a huge, rounded, red sandstone monolith 9.4 kilometres in circumference rising to over 340 metres above the plain.
Rock art in the caves around its base are further evidence of the enduring cultural traditions of Anangu.
About 32 kilometres to the west of Uluru lie the 36 steep-sided domes of Kata Tjuta.
The domes cover an area of 3500 hectares with Mount Olga, the highest feature, rising to a height of 500 metres.
This area is sacred under Anangu men’s law and, as such, detailed knowledge of it is restricted.
The first European to sight Uluru was the explorer William Gosse (see Image above) in 1873 who named it Ayers Rock.
The year before, Ernest Giles had named Kata Tjuta the Olgas, after Queen Olga of Wertemberg.
Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park was inscribed on the World Heritage List in two stages, initially for its outstanding universal natural values in 1987 and then for its outstanding universal cultural values in 1994.