The Border Collie originated in the border regions of Scotland around 350 years ago.
They were developed by local shepherd’s to help herd their livestock (sheep and cattle) in difficult terrain.
These dogs soon developed a reputation for their relentless desire to work and their calm and quiet approach to handling livestock. It was not long before the Border Collie started to spread throughout the rest of the United Kingdom and then the world.
In the mid 1800s the first Border Collies were imported to Australia to help manage the emerging sheep and cattle industry. Since then there has been a steady flow of these dogs coming into Australia, which continually adds to the gene pool of the original dogs.
In most cases the Border Collies that are brought in to the country are usually from Champion lines and have a positive effect on the breeding of our Australian dogs.
Since the start the Australian Border Collie has been developed through selective breeding, to suit the different climatic conditions across Australia. The main difference is the length of their coat.
In most cases the Australian Border Collies are smooth coated. This has helped the dogs cope with burrs and the scorching heat.
Today the Australian Border Collie is used in a variety of different situations. They are used on smaller sheep, cattle and dairy farms in high rainfall areas through to large scale sheep and cattle stations in the hot and dry heart of Australia.