Photo: A young Malcolm McDowell plays our “Ludwig Van” loving super bad boy Alex DeLarge in the 1971 Stanley Kubrick film.
A Clockwork Orange is a dystopian novella by Anthony Burgess published in 1962.
Set in a not-so-distant future English society that has a culture of extreme youth violence, the novel’s teenage protagonist, Alex, narrates his violent exploits and his experiences with state authorities intent on reforming him.
When the state undertakes to reform Alex—to “redeem” him—the novel asks, “At what cost?”. The book is partially written in a Russian-influenced argot called “Nadsat”. According to Burgess it was a jeu d’esprit written in just three weeks.
In 2005, A Clockwork Orange was included on Time magazine’s list of the 100 best English-language novels written since 1923, and it was named by Modern Library and its readers as one of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century.
The original manuscript of the book is located at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada since that institution purchased the documents in 1971.
In Stanley Kubrick’s movie “A Clockwork Orange” in the film’s final scene after attempting suicide Alex wakes up in a hospital, where he is courted by government officials anxious to counter the bad publicity created by his suicide attempt.
With Alexander placed in a mental institution, Alex is offered a well-paying job if he agrees to side with the government.
As photographers snap pictures, Alex daydreams of orgiastic violence and reflects upon the news that his Ludovico conditioning has been reversed as part of his recovery: