Guillaume Duchenne, Pioneer Neurologist 1806-1875.

1Ll4SZmPhoto of neurologist Duchenne de Boulogne electrocuting a man’s face in order to study facial muscles. France, 1862.
Guillaume-Benjamin-Amand Duchenne (de Boulogne) (September 17, 1806, in Boulogne-sur-Mer – September 15, 1875, in Paris) was a French neurologist who revived Galvani’s research and greatly advanced the science of electrophysiology.
The era of modern neurology developed from Duchenne’s understanding of the conductivity of neural pathways, his revelations of the effect of lesions on these structures and his diagnostic innovations including deep tissue biopsy, nerve conduction tests (NCS), and clinical photography.
Neurology did not exist in France before Duchenne and although many medical historians regard Jean-Martin Charcot as the father of the discipline, Charcot owed much to Duchennne, often acknowledging him as, “mon maître en neurologie” (my teacher in neurology).
The American neurologist Dr. Joseph Collins (1866–1950) wrote that Duchenne found neurology, “a sprawling infant of unknown parentage which he succored to a lusty youth.”.
duchenne1
His greatest contributions were made in the myopathies that came to immortalize his name, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne-Aran spinal muscular atrophy, Duchenne-Erb paralysis, Duchenne’s disease (Tabes dorsalis), and Duchenne’s paralysis (Progressive bulbar palsy). (Source Wikipedia).
via War photos, famous history photos, world war images, history images.

 

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