Constance Georgine Markievicz, known as Countess Markievicz.
(Born: 4 February 1868 – Died 15 July 1927) was an Irish Sinn Féin and Fianna Fáil politician, revolutionary nationalist, suffragette and socialist.
A founder member of Fianna Éireann, Cumann na mBan and the Irish Citizen Army, she took part in the Easter Rising in 1916, when Irish republicans attempted to end British rule and establish an Irish Republic.
She was sentenced to death but this was reduced on the grounds of her sex.
On 28 December 1918, she was the first woman elected to the British House of Commons, though she did not take her seat and, along with the other Sinn Féin TDs, formed the first Dáil Éireann.
She was also the second woman in the world to hold a cabinet position (Minister for Labour of the Irish Republic, 1919–1922).