“Linotype” circa. 1889.

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Linotype typesetting machine. 19th-century artwork showing a compositor operating a newly invented typesetting machine called the Linotype.

The name arose because it allowed the production of an entire line of type (line o’ type) in one action. This greatly speeded up printing production.

Invented in the 1880s by the German-born American inventor Ottmar Mergenthaler (1854-1899), it was first used in 1884 in the offices of the New York Tribune, and became an industry standard until the development of offset lithography.

Artwork from the 4th volume (second period of 1889) of the French popular science weekly ‘La Science Illustree’.